Mon, May 20, 2019

Minister, expats tout Taiwan in Geneva

Taiwan has become a popular term in Geneva, as Taiwanese nongovernmental organizations and the government push for the nation’s participation in this year’s World Health Assembly (WHA), Minister of Health and Welfare Chen Shih-chung (陳時中) said yesterday in the Swiss city. Taiwan ...FULL STORY

USING IDIOMS 活用成語

Chinese Practice 見賢思齊 (jian4 xian2 si1 qi2) to see a worthy person and imitate them 我認識一個人,他總是不停地批評別人。別人所做的事、所說的話,沒有任何一件可以躲過他不斷的吹毛求疵。這讓我抓狂,我發誓永遠不要像他一樣。我把他當做是一個反面的榜樣,他的行為就是我絕對不要做的事。 有一天我跟他提出了這問題。他告訴我說,他之所以對別人最微小的細節都如此挑剔,原因在於他可以看出這些特質和習慣,都是他自己所不想要的,這樣他就可以試著改進自己。我可以理解他的想法,這似乎有些道理,但他還是很討人厭。 他的方法是很消極的,但基本上卻符合《論語》中「自強不息」的核心原則:堅持不懈地改進自己。我朋友的做法和《論語》所不同之處,或許在於孔子所謹慎指出的──自我改進的源頭不在他人,而在於自我、基於自我反省。例如《論語》〈衛靈公〉篇中,孔子說:「君子求諸己,小人求諸人」(君子要求的是自己,小人要求的是別人)。 的確,《論語》的第一篇〈學而〉的第四段,哲學家曾子便說:「吾日三省吾身:為人謀而不忠乎?與朋友交而不信乎?傳不習乎?」(我每天多次自我反省:替別人謀劃是否忠心?與朋友交往是否守信?學業是否時常溫習?)在〈述而〉篇中,孔子自己則說道:「三人行,必有我師焉。擇其善者而從之,其不善者而改之」(每當我跟一群人在一起,其中必有人可以當我的老師。我會選擇他們的優點來學習,也會借鑑其缺點來改進自己)。 孔子認為這樣的做法,可以把區分好壞、相應調整自己的行為這樣的過程加以內化。假以時日,這過程就會習慣成自然。 最後,〈里仁〉篇中有這句話──「子曰:『見賢思齊焉,見不賢而內自省也』」(孔子說:「我們看到賢能的人,就應該想要跟他們一樣;若我們看到不好的人,就應該反省自己是否也犯了一樣的錯。」)這句話的前半段即演變為成語「見賢思齊」。 成語「見賢思齊」的用法皆為正面的。 「見賢思齊」可用英文成語「take...FULL STORY

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